E100: 041 | That's Eternity


"The Psalms reflect the life of the Hebrew people, and all of life. Psalm 23 versus 1 to 6 is most often read at funerals,. In it David describes God as a shepherd who comforts and protects the sheep in his care, that’s nice. But don’t forget the other picture of a host at a banquet table, surrounded by his enemies!" (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read Psalm 23:1-6 | (ESV)


The first line always stops me. Sometimes a cold hard eye opening stop. It is hard for me to read past the first line of this Psalm. "The LORD is my shepherd, I lack nothing." I am not sure I really understand this in

E100: 040 | Holy Intention not Perfection


"Today’s reading 2 Kings chapter 25 verses 1 to 30 describes a very significant point in the history of God’s people Israel. Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians killed Israel’s leaders, smashed the glorious temple, burned Jerusalem and took most of the people into captivity. Nebuchadnezzar promises peace if the inhabitants submit to the king of Babylon." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 2 Kings 25:1-30 | (ESV)

...in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon ... an official of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. He set fire to the temple of the LORD, the royal palace and all the houses of Jerusalem. Every important building he burned down. The whole Babylonian army under the commander of the imperial guard broke down the walls around Jerusalem. ... the commander of the guard carried into exile the people who remained in the city, along with the rest of the populace and those who had deserted to the king of Babylon. But the commander left behind some of the poorest people of the land to work the vineyards and fields. (2 Kings 25:8-12)

... In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the year Awel-Marduk became king of Babylon, he released Jehoiachin king of Judah from prison. ... He spoke kindly to him and gave him a seat of honor higher than those of the other kings who were with him in Babylon. So Jehoiachin put aside his prison clothes and for the rest of his life ate regularly at the king's table. Day by day the king gave Jehoiachin a regular allowance as long as he lived. (2 Kings 25:27-30)
OK a little history. In the two books of Kings we see the reign of David's son King Solomon who end's up turning away from God. After Solomon his son Rehoboam becomes the King. A civil war divides Israel into two kingdoms: Israel in the north and Judah in the south. The king of Assyria defeats the Kingdom of Israel in the north and carries the people away into his land of Assyria. The southern kingdom lasts another 130 years before the king of Babylon destroys Jerusalem, the capital of the Kingdom of Judah, and carries away the people of Judah into captivity in Babylon. Solomon's temple is destroyed and 70 years of foreign captivity begin. That is where we are now after this passage at the end of the second book of Kings.

It is important to note that

E100: 039 | Come Near to God


"This passage in 1 Kings is full of drama. Ahab is the worst king of Israel to this time, and he goes head to head with a prophet from Gilead called Elijah. The centerpiece takes place on Mount Carmel where Elijah challenges Ahab and his 850 pagan prophets to a contest. Elijah is victorious but immediately plunges into depression, until God whispers his name." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 1 Kings 16:29-19:18 2 (ESV)

The Lord said, "Go out. Stand on the mountain in front of me. I am going to pass by." As the Lord approached, a very powerful wind tore the mountains apart. It broke up the rocks. But the Lord wasn't in the wind. After the wind there was an earthquake. But the Lord wasn't in the earthquake. After the earthquake a fire came. But the Lord wasn't in the fire. And after the fire there was only a gentle whisper. When Elijah heard it, he pulled his coat over his face. He went out and stood at the entrance to the cave. Then a voice said to him, "Elijah, what are you doing here?" (1 Kings 19:11-13, New International Reader's Version)
Other translations read:
... a still small voice
... a soft whisper
... a sound of a gentle blowing
... a gentle and quiet whisper
... a sound of sheer silence
... sound of a soft breath

As you probably realize this is the passage that I have named my blog after. I find the translation of this

E100: 038 | Radiance of God's Glory


"In today’s reading in 1 Kings Chapter 8 to chapter 9 verse 9 , the Temple was a spectacular building and was made complete with the placing of the Ark of Yahweh’s covenant. The glorious presence of the LORD fills the place., Solomon praises the LORD and blesses the people, calling on Him to help them obey His laws. Through obedience security is assured, but if not, destruction and dispersion await." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 1 Kings 8:1-9:9 2 (ESV)

Then King Solomon sent for the elders of Israel. He told them to come to him in Jerusalem. ... Solomon wanted them to bring up the ark of the Lord's covenant from Zion. Zion was the City of David. ... All of the elders of Israel arrived. Then the priests picked up the ark and carried it. They brought up the ark of the Lord. They also brought up the Tent of Meeting and all of the sacred articles that were in the tent. ...The entire community of Israel had gathered around King Solomon. ...The priests brought the ark of the Lord's covenant to its place in the Most Holy Room of the temple. ...There wasn't anything in the ark except the two stone tablets. Moses had placed them in it at Mount Horeb. ...The priests left the Holy Room. Then the cloud filled the temple of the Lord. The priests couldn't do their work because of it. That's because the glory of the Lord filled his temple. (Excerpts from 1 Kings Chapter 8, New International Reader's Version)
In 2 Chronicles 7 this is recorded about the same event.
... The glory of the Lord filled the temple. The priests couldn't enter the temple of the Lord. His glory filled it. (New International Reader's Version)
What a scene this must of been. What is the Glory of the Lord? What did it look like? What did it feel like? We saw "the glory of the Lord" back in Exodus when the Israelites were in the desert and when Moses went up the mountain to get the 10 commandments. It is described as a cloud and a consuming fire. The account of Moses and the Glory of the Lord in Exodus Chapter 33 gives us a little more of an idea. Here are some other verses on "the Glory of the Lord."

The Glory of God is the full expression of God. It is an expression of all of his goodness. In this case it is the expression physically on Earth at a specific moment in time at a specific place. For humans it is overwhelming. When his glory filled the temple the priest couldn't go into the temple or do anything.

I don't believe we can even

E100: 037 | Beauty in the Broken


"Solomon is the second son of David and Bathsheba. He follows David as king and is best remembered for his uncommon wisdom, a gift from God which he chose over other possibilities. Today’s reading , 1 Kings chapter 2 to chapter 3 verse 28 reveals a ruler who demands loyalty from his servants, and whose reputation becomes legendary." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 1 Kings 2:1-3:28 2 (ESV)


In 2 Samuel Chapter 12 we read:
... Now listen to what the LORD God of Israel says to you: ... "Why did you disobey me and do such a horrible thing? You murdered Uriah the Hittite by having the Ammonites kill him, so you could take his wife. Because you wouldn't obey me and took Uriah's wife for yourself, your family will never live in peace. ..." (Contemporary English Version)
God pointed out that from that day forward David would know violence and bloodshed among his own family members.

Now in 1 Kings 2 we read:
"Then King Solomon swore by the LORD: "May God deal with me, be it ever so severely, if Adonijah does not pay with his life for this request! And now, as surely as the LORD lives—he who has established me securely on the throne of my father David and has founded a dynasty for me as he promised—Adonijah shall be put to death today!" So King Solomon gave orders to Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and he struck down Adonijah and he died."
King Solomon painted by Salvador DalíIt is important to point out that Solomon had three older brothers: Absalom, Adonijah, and Amnon. Adonijah was passed over by his father David and Solomon who was only about 12 or 15 years old was made king.

Dr. Chuck Missler summarizes the family disaster that was put in motion by David's moral failing.
"His first son by Bathsheba died. He also lost his moral authority. Amnon, one of his sons, raped David's daughter, Tamar. Absalom, another son, killed Amnon. Absalom led a rebellion against his father David, primarily counseled and encouraged by David's trusted counselor, Ahithophel."
I would also add that Athithophel was Bathsheba's grandfather who then later killed himself after the failed rebellions. So from one act of sin came incest, fratricide, intrigues, rebellion, and ultimately civil war.

For me it is important that I remind myself that as much

E100: 036 | Create in Me a Clean Heart


"In today’s reading 2 Samuel chapter 11 to chapter 12 verse 25 David, the man “after God’s own heart” commits adultery, arranges a murder, and then attempts a cover up.. The prophet Nathan confronted David with his sin and an opportunity for repentance but not without consequences." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 2 Samuel 11:1-12:25 2 (ESV)

... Then David said to Nathan, "I have sinned against the LORD." Nathan replied, "The LORD has taken away your sin. You are not going to die. But because by doing this you have shown utter contempt for the LORD, the son born to you will die."

Have mercy on me, O God ... Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight; so you are right in your verdict and justified when you judge. (Psalm 51)
Our sin offends God and hurts people. It has real consequences. It is taken

E100: 035 | God's Promises Order our Future


"When he was 30 year old David became king of Israel, and he reigned for 40 years. Today’s reading in 2 Samuel Chapter 5 to chapter 7 verse 21 is one of the most significant eras in the story of God’s people. David was unafraid to proclaim the greatness of his God, who promises to make David’s name great and lead his people to a place of peace and security." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 2 Samuel 5:1-7:29 2 (ESV)

... The Lord who rules over all says, ..."Your royal house and your kingdom will last forever in my sight. Your throne will last forever."

...Then King David went into the holy tent. He sat down in front of the Lord. He said,

"Lord and King, who am I? My family isn't important. So why have you brought me this far? I would have thought that you had already done more than enough for me. But now, Lord and King, you have also spoken about what is going to happen to my royal house in days to come. ...

"Who is like your people Israel? God, we are the one nation on earth you have saved. You have set us free for yourself. ... You saved us when you set us free from Egypt. You made Israel your very own people forever. Lord, you have become our God.

"And now, Lord God, keep forever the promise you have made to me and my royal house. ... My royal house will be made secure in your sight.

... "Now please bless my royal house. Then it will continue forever in your sight. Lord and King, you have spoken. Because you have given my royal house your blessing, it will be blessed forever." (Extended excerpts from 2 Samuel 7, New International Reader's Version)
Hannah Arendt, a German-born U.S. political philosopher, wrote "Promises are the uniquely human way of ordering the future, making it predictable and reliable to the extent that this is humanly possible."

Human promises are

E100: 034 | Slow Down, Be Still, Trust, and Wait


"Today’s reading follows David hiding in villages and caves from Saul who in turn is relentless in seeking David. Saul feels threatened by David and impulsively takes things into his own hands. David’s impulse, in contrast, was to trust God in every situation. When he had every right to kill Saul in self defense, David preferred to let God do things his way." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 1 Samuel 23:7-24:22 | (ESV)

... Saul went into a cave to relieve himself. But as it happened, David and his men were hiding farther back in that very cave!

“Now’s your opportunity!” David’s men whispered to him. “Today the Lord is telling you, ‘I will certainly put your enemy into your power, to do with as you wish.’” So David crept forward and cut off a piece of the hem of Saul’s robe. ... “The Lord forbid that I should do this to my lord the king and attack the Lord’s anointed one, for the Lord himself has chosen him.” So David restrained his men and did not let them kill Saul.

After Saul had left the cave and gone on his way, David came out and shouted after him, “My lord the king!” And when Saul looked around, David bowed low before him.

Then he shouted to Saul, “Why do you listen to the people who say I am trying to harm you? This very day you can see with your own eyes it isn’t true. For the Lord placed you at my mercy back there in the cave. Some of my men told me to kill you, but I spared you. For I said, ‘I will never harm the king—he is the Lord’s anointed one.’ Look, my father, at what I have in my hand. It is a piece of the hem of your robe! I cut it off, but I didn’t kill you. This proves that I am not trying to harm you and that I have not sinned against you, even though you have been hunting for me to kill me.

“May the Lord judge between us. Perhaps the Lord will punish you for what you are trying to do to me, but I will never harm you. As that old proverb says, ‘From evil people come evil deeds.’ So you can be sure I will never harm you. Who is the king of Israel trying to catch anyway? Should he spend his time chasing one who is as worthless as a dead dog or a single flea? May the Lord therefore judge which of us is right and punish the guilty one. He is my advocate, and he will rescue me from your power!” (Extended excerpts from 1 Samuel 24, NLT)
David C. McCasland writes that "there are times when it's best to wait for God to act instead of trying to make things happen ourselves. ... David knew that God had chosen him to become king. But he also knew that killing Saul was not the right way to make it happen. He would wait for God to remove Saul from the throne. ... Waiting for God to act is the best opportunity for the right things to happen His way."

OK I admit it I am a control freak and from a little life experience I know I am not alone. As a control freak I tend

E100: 033 | Don't Be Diverted by the Giants


"The story of David and Goliath has become part of our popular culture. We love the story of the little guy winning the battle against the big guy. In today’s reading in 1 Samuel chapter 16 to chapter 18 verse 16 we visit this scene again but we also see that the relationship of Saul to God and to David is an important and intriguing part of the plot." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 1 Samuel 16:1-18:16 | (ESV)


Max Lucado in his book "Facing Your Giants" takes note of David's observations regarding Goliath.
"I find only two. One statement to Saul about Goliath (v. 36). And one to Goliath’s face: “Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?” (v. 26 niv). That’s it. Two Goliath-related comments (and tacky ones at that) and no questions. No inquiries about Goliath’s skill, age, social standing, or IQ. David asks nothing about the weight of the spear, the size of the shield, or the meaning of the skull and crossbones tattooed on the giant’s bicep. David gives no thought to the diplodocus on the hill. Zilch. But he gives much thought to God. Read David’s words again, this time underlining his references to his Lord."
"The armies of the living God" (v. 26).
"The armies of the living God" (v. 36).
"The Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel" (v. 45).
"The Lord will deliver you into my hand . . . that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel" (v. 46).
"The Lord does not save with sword and spear; for the battle is the Lord's, and He will give you into our hands" (v. 47)..
Max continues writing.
"I count nine references. God-thoughts outnumber Goliath-thoughts nine to two. How does this ratio

E100: 032 | Give Us A King!


"Underneath Israel’s “reasonable” desire for a King was a rebellious motivation; they wanted to be like everyone else. Today in 1 Samuel chapter 8 to chapter 10 verse 27 Saul seemed like a good choice. Sometimes God gives us what we ask for even it’s not the best for us." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 1 Samuel 8:1-10:27 | (ESV)

...all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah. They said to him, "You are old, and your sons do not follow your ways; now appoint a king to lead us, such as all the other nations have."

But when they said, "Give us a king to lead us," this displeased Samuel; so he prayed to the LORD. And the LORD told him: "Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king. As they have done from the day I brought them up out of Egypt until this day, forsaking me and serving other gods, so they are doing to you. Now listen to them; but warn them solemnly and let them know what the king who will reign over them will claim as his rights." (1 Samuel 8:4-5, 6-9)
As the Israelites looked around at the other nations they notice that many of them had Kings leading them. They decided that the problem with their own country was that there was no king, so they ask their aging leader Samuel to give them a King. Samuel was upset and hurt by the request. He prays to the Lord for guidance and the Lord comforts him by pointing out that they are rejecting him, the Lord, not Samuel.

I think God and Samuel are

E100: 031 | Reversal of Expectations


"Today’s reading in 1 Samuel chapter 1 to chapter 3 verse 21 is about some of the people that populate the story of God. Hannah couldn’t have children, Eli was an overly tolerant father, Eli’s sons were out of control, and then there is Samuel, faithful to God." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read 1 Samuel 1:1-3:21 | (ESV)

... Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none. (1 Samuel 1:2)
... Because the LORD had closed Hannah's womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her. This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the LORD, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat. (1 Samuel 1:6-7)
... In her deep anguish Hannah prayed to the LORD, weeping bitterly. (1 Samuel 1:10)
... in the course of time Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel, saying, "Because I asked the LORD for him." (1 Samuel 1:20)
... I prayed for this child, and the LORD has granted me what I asked of him. (1 Samuel 1:27)
... Then Hannah prayed and said: "My heart rejoices in the LORD ... I delight in your deliverance. There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. ...The bows of the warriors are broken, but those who stumbled are armed with strength. Those who were full hire themselves out for food, but those who were hungry are hungry no more. She who was barren has borne seven children, but she who has had many sons pines away..." (2 Samuel 1:1, 2, 4-5)
God changes things. God often works contrary to our natural expectations and brings about surprising reversals.

In fact if we look at the values Jesus lived and taught we see this in action. Jesus often said and did the

E100: 030 | God's Acceptance


"When both her husband and father-in-law die, Ruth’s world comes apart. Today’s reading, the book of Ruth we see In these tough times her true character is revealed. Ruth cultivated a noble character and then trusted God to bless her as he saw fit, but not only her, generations to come as well." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read Ruth 1:1-4:22 | (ESV)

Then she fell on her face, bowing to the ground, and said to him, "Why have I found favor in your eyes, that you should take notice of me, since I am a foreigner?" (Ruth 2:10)
One of my favorite books of the Old Testament is Ruth. The Old Testament is all about God's chosen people: the Israelites. But in the Book of Ruth we read about a Moabite women who God accepts. In Ruth we get a glimpse of God's

E100: 029 | My Gift, My Plan?


"Samson’s story is like a boys own adventure, it’s easy to imagine a blockbuster movie script here. Today Judges chapter 13 to chapter 16 verse 31 we see that Samson is one of those talented yet flawed leaders. Despite his lack of self control, anger, violence, and just plain strange ways, finally in his brokenness he turned back to God." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read Judges 13:1-16:31 | (ESV)

Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD, so the LORD delivered them into the hands of the Philistines for forty years. (Judges 13:1)
Again ... The vicious circle continues ...
A certain man of Zorah, named Manoah, from the clan of the Danites, had a wife who was childless, unable to give birth. The angel of the LORD appeared to her and said, "You are barren and childless, but you are going to become pregnant and give birth to a son. Now see to it that you drink no wine or other fermented drink and that you do not eat anything unclean. You will become pregnant and have a son whose head is never to be touched by a razor because the boy is to be a Nazirite, dedicated to God from the womb. He will begin to deliver Israel from the hands of the Philistines. (Judges 13:2-5)"
... Samson went down to Timnah and saw there a young Philistine woman. (Judges 14:1)
... Samson said to his father, "Get her for me. She's the right one for me." (His parents did not know that this was from the LORD, who was seeking an occasion to confront the Philistines; for at that time they were ruling over Israel.) (Judges 14:3-4)
Samson & DelilahDespite the tremendous physical strength God blessed Samson with for the purpose of delivering Israel from the Philistines Samson blows it and doesn't really use his gift to benefit his people. He instead goes his own way satisfying his own interests. Even though Samson didn't live up to his potential God achieves his ultimate purpose in weakening the Philistines so they can be defeated latter under the leadership of Samuel and his people freed from the slavery of the Philistines.

The question that I leave with is

E100: 028 | Unlikely Servant


"Again the Israelites did evil. Again! Today In Judges chapter 6 to chapter 7 verse 25 ,Gideon wasn’t really looking to be a leader but God saw his potential to make a difference in a difficult time. Naturally, Gideon wanted to be sure God has got the right man for the job. It turns out that the right man is a faithful one." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read Judges 6:1-7:25 | (ESV)

Once again the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord. So for seven years he handed them over to the people of Midian.

The Midianites treated the people of Israel very badly....

... They cried out to the Lord because of what Midian had done.

... The angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon. He said, "Mighty warrior, the Lord is with you."

"But sir," Gideon replied, "you say the Lord is with us. Then why has all of this happened to us? Where are all of the wonderful things he has done? Our parents told us about them. They said, 'Didn't the Lord bring us up out of Egypt?' But now the Lord has deserted us. He has handed us over to Midian."

The Lord turned to Gideon. He said to him, "You are strong. Go and save Israel from the power of Midian. I am sending you."

"But Lord," Gideon asked, "how can I possibly save Israel? My family group is the weakest in the tribe of Manasseh. And I'm the least important member of my family."

The Lord answered, "I will be with you. So you will strike down the men of Midian all at one time."

Gideon replied, "If you are pleased with me, give me a special sign. Then I'll know that it's really you talking to me.

...He did just as the Lord had told him. But he was afraid of his family. He was also afraid of the men in the town. So he did everything at night instead of during the day. (Judges 6:1-3, 7, 12, 13-17, 27, New International Reader's Version)

We start this chapter out with "again." The viscous circle continues.

The Lord selects Gideon to rescue his people from the Midianites. Gideon was an interesting choice. Notice that his family and village worshiped Baal, not God. Gideon listens to God but is very cautious and even reluctant to proceed without proof it is God. He does what God asked him to but under the cover of night because he is afraid of his family and neighbors.

Fear seams to overcome him again on the eve of a battle that the Lord has already assured him victory. God provides him with the sign he needs to have the confidence that God will give him the victory. God works with him step by step despite Gideon's lack of faith. Once again God is

E100: 027 | Again and Again


"Today in Judges chapter 4 to chapter 5 verse 31 we see this part of the Bible is one of those that is both terrible and wonderful. We recoil at the cruelty but rejoice at the triumph and the characters. The heroine is Jael, a young woman who had the smarts and the guts to eliminate the military commander Sisera. Deborah, the first female Judge simply says and does what God has told her and it has a powerful effect." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read Judges 4:1-5:31 | (ESV)


In Chapter 2 we get a preview or an overview of the rest of the book of Judges.
... After that generation died, another generation grew up who did not acknowledge the Lord or remember the mighty things he had done for Israel.

The Israelites did evil in the Lord’s sight and served the images of Baal. They abandoned the Lord, the God of their ancestors, who had brought them out of Egypt. They went after other gods, worshiping the gods of the people around them. And they angered the Lord.

... Then the Lord raised up judges to rescue the Israelites from their attackers.

... Whenever the Lord raised up a judge over Israel, he was with that judge and rescued the people from their enemies throughout the judge’s lifetime. For the Lord took pity on his people, who were burdened by oppression and suffering. But when the judge died, the people returned to their corrupt ways, behaving worse than those who had lived before them. They went after other gods, serving and worshiping them. And they refused to give up their evil practices and stubborn ways. (Judges 2:10-13, 16, 18-19, NLV)
A pattern emerges and we start this reading with the word AGAIN.
Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD, now that Ehud was dead. So the LORD sold them into the hands of Jabin king of Canaan ... because ... he had cruelly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years, they cried to the LORD for help.

Now Deborah, a prophet, the wife of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time. ...She sent for Barak ... and said to him, "The LORD, the God of Israel, commands you: 'Go, take with you ten thousand men ... and lead them up to Mount Tabor. I will lead Sisera, the commander of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his troops to the Kishon River and give him into your hands.'"

... On that day God subdued Jabin king of Canaan before the Israelites.

... Then the land had peace forty years. (Judges 4:1-4, 6-7, 23, 31)

The book of Judges is all about this up and down period of leadership in the growing nation of Israel. A circular pattern or cycle marks this period in Israel's history. They are caught in

E100: 026 | On and On


"The thing we learn from history, is that we don’t learn from history. Todays reading in Judges chapter 2 verse 6 to chapter 3 verse 6 we see that Joshua the great leader died and the people of Israel turned away from God, worshiped idols and experienced disaster. Desperate, the people cried out to God and he raised up leaders called Judges, to save them. Trouble was the cycle happens again and again." (New Zealand's Rhema Radio)

Read Judges 2:6-3:6 | (ESV)

And the Israelites served the Lord throughout the lifetime of Joshua and the leaders who outlived him—those who had seen all the great things the Lord had done for Israel.

Joshua son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died at the age of 110. (New Living Translation)
Let's step back a bit and look at the time line we have covered in our first 26 passages. The time frame from Creation to Abraham in Genesis is anyone's guess, the bible doesn't really say. Could be several hundred years to several thousand years. We have covered a total of about 800 years from Abraham up to this point of Joshua's death. Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob took us through about 300 years, then about 400 years in Egypt, and about 100 years with Joshua in the Promised Land.

Now we are entering a period of up and down

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